Центральный Дом Знаний - Альсира

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Альсира

Альсира (испAlciraбаскAlziraкат. Alzira), город и муниципалитет в Испании, входит в провинцию Валенсия в составе автономного сообщества Валенсия (автономное сообщество). Муниципалитет находится в составе района (комарки) Рибера-Альта. Площадь 110,40 км². Население 44 758 человек (на 2010 год). Расстояние до адм. центра провинции — 43 км.



Alzira (Valencian pronunciation: [aɫˈziɾa], Spanish: Alcira) is a town and municipality of 45,000 inhabitants in Valencia, eastern Spain. It is the capital of thecomarca of Ribera Alta in the province of Valencia.

Alzira is located in the province of Valencia, on the left bank of the Júcar river, and on the Valencia–Alicante railway.

Alzira's climate is typically Mediterranean: warm with no extremes of temperature either in summer or winter. Rainfall is scarce and irregular. Torrential rains usually follow periods of relative drought.

The town is situated on the shores of the Júcar river. The Murta and Casella valleys are well worth visiting as they are by far the most beautiful areas in the Alzira area. Alzira's borough extends over 111 square kilometres.

Alzira was founded by the Muslim Moors under the name Jazirat Shukr (Arabic: جزيرة شَقْر) which later became known as Júcar Island.

It was a prosperous trading-station during the reign of the Muslim Moors which lasted over five hundred years. During that time the city had a local administrative government and was considered as a cultural hub for writers, philosophers, and law experts.

The city was conquered by James I of Aragon on 30 December 1242.

Alzira, located right on the bank of the Júcar, has suffered devastating floods throughout its history - in particular in 1472, 1590, 1864, 1916, 1982 and 1987.

Alzira has historically been a walled town, surrounded by palm, orange and mulberry groves, and by low-lying rice-swamps, which rendered its neighborhood somewhat unhealthy. It is sometimes identified with the RomanSaetabicula or with the pre-Roman Sucro. According to one source, the mutiny at Sucro of 206 BC, squelched by Scipio Africanus, was at or near present-day Alzira, a few kilometers east of the mouth of the Sucro/Jucar River.

Agriculture was the prime economic driving force in Alzira up to the mid-20th century. The most important produce are oranges and they are distributed by important local co-operatives.

During the 20th century, Alzira changed from an agricultural based economy to a diversified industry-orientated city with an important commercial infrastructure and associated services. Many outstanding companies have their head-office in the city: building and publishing companies, diversed manufactures, textil and ice cream factories, etc. Alzira has become a vey important commercial city due to its influence area, which is estimated about 300,000 inhabitants.

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