Ананд (город, Гуджарат)
Ананд (англ. Anand, гудж. આણંદ), город в индийском штате Гуджарат, административный центр округа Ананд. Расположен между Ахмедабадом и Вадодарой, в 101 километре от столицы штата — Гандинагара. Средняя высота над уровнем моря — 38 метров. По данным всеиндийской переписи 2001 года, в городе проживало 130 462 человека, из которых мужчины составляли 68 032 и женщины — 62 430. Численность детей в возрасте 6 лет и младше составляла 13 744 человек. Религиозный состав: индуисты и мусульмане. Официальные языки: гуджарати и английский. В А. расположена штаб-квартира Amul — крупнейшей пищевой компании Индии.
Anand (Gujarati: આણંદ, [äɽ̃ən̪d̪]) is the administrative centre of Anand District in the state of Gujarat, India. It is administered by Anand Municipality. It is part of the region known as Charotar, consisting of Anand and Kheda Districts.
Anand is known as the Milk Capital of India. It became famous for Amul dairy and its milk revolution. This city hosts the National Dairy Development Board of India and Anand Agricultural University. Another well-known product of the city is Vallabh Vidhyanagar and Karamsad, an educational suburb of Anand.
Anand lies between Ahmedabad and Vadodara on the Western Railway, 101 km from state capital Gandhinagar. It is a railway Junction and a Broad Gauge Line from here runs to Godhra, covering Dakor, a major Hindu pilgrimage en route. MEMUs Main Line Multiple Units ply on this route and also one or two regular passenger trains.It also has a branch line to Khambat also called Cambay. DMUs Diesel Multiple Units ply on the route as it is not electrified yet.Anand Railway Station has 5 platforms.1,2,3,5 are on main line and no. 4 on the branch line to Godhra. A new platform is in construction on the branch to Ahemdabad from the Godhra line forming a triangle.The National express highway from Ahmedabad to Vadodara also passes through Anand.
Anand has seen rapid economic growth along the Anand Vallabh Vidya Nagar and Karamsad road belt. It is well on track to becoming a Municipal Corporation with the inclusion of various peripheral villages like Chikhodra, Lambhvel, V. V Nagar, Bakrol, Mogri and 20 others.
Anand is located at 22.57°N 72.93°E. It has an average elevation of 39 metres (127 feet). City has an area of 22.7 square kilometres. Urban area of the anand city is 172 square kilometers including 25 villages around the city.
As of 2001 India census, Anand had a population of 300,462. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Anand has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5% (55% of the males and 45% of females literate). 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Amul (Anand Milk Union Limited), formed in 1946, is a dairy co-operative movement in India. It is a brand name managed by an apex cooperative organisation, Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF), which today is jointly owned by some 2.6 million milk producers in Gujarat, India.
AMUL is based in Anand town of Gujarat and has been a sterling example of a co-operative organization's success in the long term. It is one of the best examples of co-operative achievement in the developing world. "Anyone who has seen ... the dairy cooperatives in the state of Gujarat, especially the highly successful one known as AMUL, will naturally wonder what combination of influences and incentives is needed to multiply such a model a thousand times over in developing regions everywhere." The Amul pattern has established itself as a uniquely appropriate model for rural development. Amul has spurred the White Revolution of India, which has made India the largest producer of milk and milk products in the world. It is also the world's biggest vegetarian cheese brand.
Amul is the largest food brand in India and world's Largest Pouched Milk Brand with an annual turnover of US $1050 million (2006–07). Currently Amul has 2.6 million producer members with milk collection average of 10.16 million litres per day. Besides India, Amul has entered overseas markets such as Mauritius, UAE, USA, Bangladesh, Australia, China, Singapore, Hong Kong and a few South African countries. Its bid to enter Japanese market in 1994 had not succeeded, but now it has fresh plans of flooding the Japanese markets. Other potential markets being considered includeSri Lanka.
Dr Verghese Kurien, former chairman of the GCMMF, is recognised as the man behind the success of Amul. On 10 Aug 2006 Parthi Bhatol, chairman of the Banaskantha Union, was elected chairman of GCMMF.
Dr Kurien lead the NDDB (National Dairy Development Board) for cooperative movement of dairy and established IRMA (Institute of Rural Managememt Anand) which is one of the best management institute of India.It is known worldwide for its unique course on rural management.