Центральный Дом Знаний - Анаполис

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Анаполис

Анаполис (порт. Anápolis), город и муниципалитет в Бразилии, входит в штат Гояс. Составная часть мезорегиона Центр штата Гойас. Входит в экономико-статистический микрорегион Анаполис. Насел. 325 544 человека на 2007 год. Площадь 918,375км². Плотность населения — 347,1 чел./км². Город основан 31 июля 1907 года. В 70 лет, был основан DAIA (район агропромышленного Анаполис), который принес сильное экономическое развитие.


Anápolis is the third largest city in the State of Goiás in Brazil. It lies in the center of a rich agricultural region and has become a leader in food processing and pharmaceutical plants.м

The area of the municipality is 918.3 km2. and the limiting municipalities are Abadiânia, Campo Limpo de Goiás, Gameleira de Goiás, Goianápolis,Leopoldo de Bulhões, Nerópolis, Pirenópolis, Silvânia and Terezópolis de Goiás.

Anápolis is also the center of the Anápolis Microregion, englobing 19 cities with a total population of 511,952 and an area of 8,386.80 km2.

The resident population in 2003 was 298,155, of which 294,443 lived in the urban area and 3,712 in the rural area. Estimated population for 2008 was 331,329. The city has experienced rapid growth since 1980 when the population was 180,000.

The city is built on a plateau at an elevation of 1,017 meters, one of the highest in Brazil. Because of this, the climate is mild without extremes and is generally cooler than nearby Goiânia. 

Anápolis is located on the main Brasília-Goiânia highway (BR 060), which has now become a four-lane motorway. It is also the starting point for the famous Belém-Brasília highway (BR 153). Distances to Goiânia - 54 km, Brasília - 140 km, and São Paulo - 872 km.

The municipality is served by a branch of the Centro-Atlântica railroad, with 685 km. of network in Goiás, which allows for connections with the important ports of the country. Anápolis will be zero kilometer for the future North-South railroad, which will connect with the Port of Itaqui, in Maranhão, as well as with other strategic points in the North and Northeast.

Anápolis has a municipal airport, which will soon be upgraded to a national cargo facility. 

After Goiânia, Anápolis is the most developed municipality in the state. It also has the fastest developing industrial sector with several high-tech companies locating in the Central Region in Brazil. Communications are excellent, with good highways connecting the city with both Goiâniaand Brasília. The recently built railroad terminus also connects with major population centers of the south.

There is a large pool of educated professionals produced by the several institutions of higher learning in the city, e.g. the State University of Goiás. The surrounding land is excellent for intensive production of fruit like oranges, bananas, and sugarcane.

All of these factors make Anápolis the most competitive city after the capital.

  • Gross Domestic Product: 6.265 billion Reais in 2008 as pointed out by IBGE, which was the second largest in the state after Goiânia and the seventh largest in Brazil. This PIB was 5.7% of the state PIB of 75.274 billion Reais in 2008 as referenced by IBGE IBGE - Cidades@. See Portalsepin for the complete list of all municipalities in Goiás. 

Ranking of Anápolis on list of top ten municipalities in GDP in Goiás in 2008 (in Reais) IBGE - Cidades@:

  • Goiânia - 19.457 billion

  • Anápolis - 6.265 billion

  • Aparecida de Goiânia - 3.873 billion

  • Rio Verde - 3.615 billion

  • Catalão - 3.348 billion

  • Senador Canedo - 2.304 billion

  • Itumbiara - 2.047 billion

  • Jataí - 1.860 billion

  • Luziânia - 1.805 billion

  • São Simão - 1.343 billion

  • Gross Domestic Product per capita: 18,910 Reais in 2008, which was just above the state average of 12,878 Reais in the same year.  

Historically Anápolis has always been the center of a rich agricultural area. Animal raising has always been the main economic mainstay of the region. In 2003 the municipality had 65,000 head of beef cattle, 8,000 pigs, 138,000 poultry (second place in the state), and 9,500 head of dairy cattle. In addition rice (1 km2 / 160 tons), corn (16 km2 / 7,200 tons), and soybeans (17 km2 / 4,590 tons) are also grown in quantity.

Other important crops:

  • tomatoes: 0,5 km2 / 2,250 tons

  • wheat: 0.8 km2 / 360 tons

  • sugarcane: 0.2 km2 / 800 tons

  • manioc: 2 km2 / 3,000 tons

  • bananas: 8.3 km2 / 8,300 tons

  • coffee: 0.5 km2 / 30 tons

  • coconut: 0.27 km2 / 216 thousand fruits

  • citrus fruits: 2.75 km2 / 3,800 tons

  • passion fruit: 0.05 km2 / 40 tons

Source: IBGE

DAIA (Distrito Agro-Industrial de Anapolis) is the industrial sector of Anapolis. It includes many large companies such as Laboratório Teuto Brasil, a pharmaceuticals manufacturing plant, the largest generic medicine-producing plant in Brazil. The federal government decided to build a major logistical centre around the DAIA, which is a distribution point for goods throughout Brazil by road, rail and air.

The main entrepreneurial sectors employing workers in 2003 were the transformation industry with 12,980 workers, construction with 1,222 workers, commerce with 18,114 workers, hotels and restaurants with 1,635 workers, transportation with 3,880 workers, services with 2,429 workers, public administration, defense, and social security with 6,724 workers, education with 3,723 workers, and health with 2,247 workers.

There were 23 financial institutions in 2004.

 Motor vehicles

In May, 2011:

  • automobiles: 90,332

  • trucks: 9,151

  • pickups: 13,542

  • motorcycles: 39,044 

In education the city is well served. In addition to the more than 100 primary schools there are eight secondary schools and several public and private colleges. The colleges are: Associação Educativa Evangélica, Faculdade de Filosofia São Miguel Arcanjo, Faculdade do Instituto Brasil-FIBRA, Faculdade Anhanguera de Anápolis, and Faculdade Raízes. It is home to a campus of the State University of Goiás (UEG) and the UniEVANGÉLICA, a Protestant university and one of the first institutes of higher education founded in the state of Goiás.

There are 94 health establishments including 25 hospitals with 1,445 beds. The infant mortality rate is 22.15.

  • Doctors: 811 (IBGE 2002)

  • Nurses: 66

  • Dentists: 105

  • Infant mortality rate: 20.77 in 2000. It was 28.27 in 1991.

  • Primary schools: 56,665 students, 2,517 teachers, 51 schools (IBGE 2004)

  • Secondary schools: 2,319 students, 933 teachers, 40 schools

College: 9,103 students, 1,527 teachers, 6 schools

  • Literacy rate: 92.0% in 2000. It was 87.5% in 1991.  

The water supply system reaches 95% of the population while the sewage system reaches 53%.

The city is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Anápolis.

 Air force base 

The Força Aérea Brasileira (Brazilian Air Force) operates one of their most important bases here, protecting the nearby capital as well as being an important element of the SIVAM project, the Amazonas survey system.

 Ranking on the UN MHDI

(See the Human Development Index)

  • Life expectancy: 70.2

  • Adult literacy rate: 0.912

  • School attendance rate: 0.844

  • MHDI: 0.788

  • State ranking: 16 (out of 242 municipalities)

  • National ranking: 851 (out of 5,507 municipalities)

All data are from 2000 

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